What is 5G? An Introductory Guide to This Powerful Technology

what is 5G?

5G has been a buzzword for the past few years. But why….and what is 5G? It’s because 5G is a revolutionary technology and breakthrough. The continuous improvement of wireless technology is forever changing how society functions.

As you already know, many people are already tethered to the internet. They can’t stop chatting, playing games, and watching clips and movies. What would happen if their connections get faster? Would you even have a regular conversation with your family members on the dinner table anymore?

But what is 5G anyway?

What Is 5G?

5G is an abbreviation of “fifth generation.” It’s basically a new version of the existing wireless cellular technology companies use today. Newer generation means faster and better. 

Most wireless service providers and cellphone manufacturers have started integrating 5G tech in their products and services since 2019.

Who Invented 5G?

The better question is, “Who developed most of the modular components of 5G?” 

5G isn’t a single invention: it’s a collaboration. It’s like building a house. You get plumbers, carpenters, masons, and electricians to build one. 5G is the same.

Currently, most of the patents and tech that 5G use are mostly owned by two companies: Huawei (15%) and ZTE (11.7%), both Chinese companies. 

Why Is 5G Developed?

There is a demand that pushed the invention of 5G. There are existing technologies that also provide wireless cellular technology, as mentioned earlier. Are they not enough to supply the wireless data needs?

There has been an increasing demand for wireless services since the dawn of smartphones. The growing number of users made the networks unable to fulfill and deliver the quality of service that they promised.  That’s why several network providers are investing in this new cellular technology, which already happened when 4G replaced 3G in 2009.

How Does 5G Work?

5G uses electromagnetic waves as the preceding generations do. It uses non-ionizing waves, where on and off signals interchangeably transform into data. Mobile carriers power 5G, and you can get into this network if your phone is 5G capable.

5G provides cellular services like what 4G is doing today, but quicker. It has a capacity of ten gigabits per second, six hundred times quicker than what 4G currently provides. 

What is 5G and The Key Differences Between 5G And Its Predecessors

Speed is the most notable thing that sets 5G apart from its predecessors.

Note that achieving the performance 5G can provide has been a gruelly slow attainment. A jump from 3G to 5G required around 12 years of nonstop research and development. 

To jog your memory, did you know that the first iPhone didn’t have 3G capabilities when Apple released it to the market?

Here’s a quick comparison between 5G and 4G:

  • 5G’s performance can peak at 400 Mbps, but 4G’s top speed is 25Mbps
  • 5G’s latency is less than 10ms, a vast improvement compared to 4G’s 25ms
  • 5G’s bandwidth is more than 1gbps, five times wider than that of 4G
  • 5G’s network efficiency is a hundred times better than that of 4G

(source:Raconteur)

How Can 5G Change The World

It’s possible that 5G can change how society functions. From consumers to businesses in cities, a jump to this immense technology provides various opportunities, from mass texting to AI and VR. Here is an overview of how 5G can accomplish this feat.

Effects Of 5G On Consumers

Using 5G provides an increase in connectivity between mobile devices, as mentioned earlier. It can also provide seamless access to AI and VR entertainment online.

Another benefit is that it will be able to make Game as a Service (GaaS) and telecommuting more accessible to many. Access to cloud storage will become much smoother and faster with 5G. 

Effects Of 5G To Businesses

5G has the potential to match the performance of DSL and fiber optics connection, which is ideal when businesses are dealing with their huge databases remotely.

Companies that rely on remote-controlled equipment will experience better real-time controls. 5G can also accommodate the rising demand for video conferencing, providing a better virtual meeting experience.

Effects Of 5G On Cities

The technology improvement will excite the demand for AI and VR, forever changing the entertainment industry. Automotive and safety can also benefit from 5G technology. 5G can increase connectivity between societies because of the faster data transfer like what the earlier generations provided.

Summary

5G is a historical milestone, forever changing how the world uses technology for communication. Wireless carriers are currently doing their best to implement 5G on a global scale. Are you ready to experience better data transfer soon? Oh…and there will soon be a huge impact on business text messaging platforms thanks to 5G!